Lhuillier, Johanna & Nikolaus Boroffka (eds.). 2018. A Millennium of History. The Iron Age in southern Central Asia (2nd and 1st Millennia BC). Proceedings of the conference held in Berlin (June 23–25, 2014). Dedicated to the memory of Viktor Ivanovich Sarianidi (Archeology in Iran and Turan 17). Berlin, Allemagne : Dietrich Reimer Verlag.
The volume gives a comprehensive insight into the Iron Age in southern Central Asia, whose beginning and end are marked by two major cultural changes: the end of Bronze Age urban societies with their large burial grounds and the conquest of Central Asia by Alexander the Great. Central to this is the incorporation of this region into the Achaemenid-Persian empire. Profound social changes in settlement, technology, and spiritual life can be linked to the emergence of the Avesta and the Zoroastrian religion, which became the official religion of the Persian Empire. A new look at texts and archaeological research demonstrates the complete incorporation of Bactria and Sogdia into the Achaemenid Empire during the 6th century BC.
Continue reading The Iron Age in southern Central Asia
Walsh, David. 2018. The Cult of Mithras in Late Antiquity: Development, Decline and Demise ca. A.D. 270-430. Leiden: Brill.
In The Cult of Mithras in Late Antiquity David Walsh explores how the cult of Mithras developed across the 3rd and 4th centuries A.D. and why by the early 5th century the cult had completely disappeared. Contrary to the traditional narrative that the cult was violently persecuted out of existence by Christians, Walsh demonstrates that the cult’s decline was a far more gradual process that resulted from a variety of factors. He also challenges the popular image of the cult as a monolithic entity, highlighting how by the 4th century Mithras had come to mean different things to different people in different places.
David Walsh, Ph.D. (2016), University of Kent, is a lecturer in Classical and Archaeological Studies at that university. He has published articles on the cult of Mithras and on the fate of temples in the Roman provinces of Noricum and Pannonia.
Beek, Lucien, Alwin Kloekhorst, Guus Kroonen, Michaël Peyrot & Tijmen Pronk (eds.). 2018. Farnah. Indo-Iranian and Indo-European Studies in Honor of Sasha Lubotsky. Ann Arbor; New York: Beech Stave Press.
Over thirty specialists in Indo-European linguistics have contributed this elegant volume in honor of Prof. Sasha Lubotsky of Leiden University. Besides giving an excellent snapshot of the research currently being undertaken by his students and colleagues at that institution, Farnah contains contributions from well-known scholars across the world covering topics in Tocharian, Germanic, Slavic, Indo-Iranian, and Anatolian linguistics, to name a few.
Click here to see a full list of the contributions.
Table of Contents
- Peter C. Bisschop: Vedic Elements in the Pāśupatasūtra
- Václav Blažek: The Case of Tocharian ‘silver’: Inherited or Borrowed?
- Michiel de Vaan: The Noncanonical Use of Instrumental Plurals in Young Avestan
- Desmond Durkin-Meisterernst: Sogdian Plurals in the Vessantara Jātaka
- Jost Gippert: A Middle Iranian Word Denoting an Office-Holder
- Stephanie W. Jamison: The Vedic Perfect Imperative and the Status of Modal Forms to Tense-Aspect Stems
- Michael Janda: Vedisch dhénā-: Bedeutung und Etymologie
- Jay H. Jasanoff: The Phonology of Tocharian B okso ‘ox’
- Jared Klein: Syncretism in Indo-European: A Natural History
- Alwin Kloekhorst: The Origin of the Hittite ḫi-Conjugation
- Werner Knobl: Das Demonstrativpronomen ETÁD im Ṛgveda
- Petr Kocharov: A Comment on the Vocalization of Word-initial
and Medial Laryngeals in Armenian
- Frederik Kortlandt: The Indo-European k-Aorist
- Guus Kroonen: Lachmann’s Law, Thurneysen’s Law, and a New Explanation of the PIE no-Participles
- Leonid Kulikov: Vedic āhanás– and Its Relatives/Cognates within and outside Indo-Iranian
- Martin Joachim Kümmel: The Survival of Laryngeals in Iranian
- Rosemarie Lühr: Prosody in Indo-European Corpora
- Hrach Martirosyan: Armenian Andndayin ōj and Vedic Áhi-Budhnyà– ‘Abyssal Serpent’
- Ranko Matasović: Iranian Loanwords in Proto-Slavic: A Fresh Look
- H. Craig Melchert: Semantics and Etymology of Hittite takš–
- Benedicte Nielsen Whitehead: PIE *gwh3-éu– ‘cow’
Alan J. Nussbaum, A Dedicatory Thigh: Greek μηρὀς and μῆρα Once Again
- Norbert Oettinger: Vedisch Vivásvant– und seine avestische Entsprechung
- Birgit Anette Olsen: The Development of Interconsonantal Laryngeals in Indo-Iranian and Old Avestan ząθā ptā
- Michaël Peyrot: Tocharian B etswe ‘mule’ and Eastern East Iranian
- Georges-Jean Pinault: New Look at Vedic śám
- Tijmen Pronk: Old Church Slavonic (j)utro, Vedic uṣár– ‘daybreak, morning’
- Velizar Sadovski: Vedic and Avestan Parallels from Ritual Litanies
and Liturgical Practices I
- George Starostin: Typological Expectations and Historic Reality: Once Again on the Issue of Lexical Cognates between Indo-European and Uralic
- Lucien van Beek: Greek πέδιλον ‘sandal’ and the Origin of the e-Grade in PIE ‘foot’
- Michael Weiss: Veneti or Venetes? Observations on a Widespread Indo-European Tribal Name
Voices from Zoroastrian Iran (Volumes I and II) is the result of an oral studies research project that maps the remaining Zoroastrian communities in Iran and explores what has happened to their religious lives and social structures since the Revolution of 1979 and the establishment of the Islamic Republic.
Interviews included in Volume 1 are with Zoroastrians from the urban centres of Tehrān, Kermān, Ahvāz, Shirāz and Esfahān. Participants refer to community leaders, historical figures, local events, teachers and religious texts that have shaped their views and understanding of the religion. They also address the impact of recent history upon their lives. The religion itself is presented as understood by those interviewed, drawn largely from the interpretations of Iranian scholars and scholar-priests, as opposed to those of predominantly western scholars. A chapter in the book is devoted to a survey of the main Iranian Zoroastrian religious observances as well as some popular customs. As a result of the new Constitution, the return to shari ‘a and the eight-year war with Iraq that followed the Revolution, the relationship between Zoroastrians and the state changed. The new political environment began to shape the religious and social identities of the next generation through Zoroastrian institutions such as the anjomans (councils) as well as those established by the government of the Islamic Republic.
The interviews for this book span a period of living memory that reflects both pre- and post-revolutionary Iran. The views expressed are informed by the changes that took place during that time and throw light on subjects as diverse as education, emigration, conversion and religious reform. The vol. 2 is planed to come out in 2019.
- Chapter 1 Background and Context: Religion
- Chapter 2 Devotional Life: Customs and Observances
- Chapter 3 Background and Context: Society
- Chapter 4 Kermān
- Chapter 5 Tehrān
- Chapter 6 Ahvāz, Shirāz and Esfahān
Read the detailed table of contents here.
Maksymiuk, Katarzyna. 2018.The Two Eyes of the Earth: The Problem of Respect in Sasanid-Roman Relations. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 58, 591–606.
The diplomatic exchanges of the two powers need not express mutual respect, as the language and the rituals used by one side need not have been interpreted by the other as intended.
Payne, Richard. 2018. The Silk Road and the Iranian political economy in late antiquity: Iran, the Silk Road, and the problem of aristocratic empire. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 81(2). 227–250.
The Iranian Empire emerged in the third century in the interstices of the Silk Road that increasingly linked the markets of the Mediterranean and the Near East with South, Central, and East Asia. The ensuing four centuries of Iranian rule corresponded with the heyday of trans-Eurasian trade, as the demand of moneyed imperial elites across the continent for one another’s high-value commodities stimulated the development of long-distance networks. Despite its position at the nexus of trans-continental and trans-oceanic commerce, accounts of Iran in late antiquity relegate trade to a marginal role in its political economy. The present article seeks to foreground the contribution of trans-continental mercantile networks to the formation of Iran and to argue that its development depended as much on the political economies of its western and eastern neighbours as on internal Near Eastern factors.
Also available from the author’s Academia page.
Silverman, Jason M. 2018. Achaemenid sources and the problem of genre. In Sebastian Fink & Robert Rollinger (eds.), Conceptualizing Past, Present, and Future. (Melammu Symposia 9), 261-278, Münster: Ugarit-Verlag.
The present paper discusses the import of genre decisions for the assessment of historical sources for the Achaemenid Empire. It argues the medium must be included within genre considerations, and that genre is more than a literary artifact, but carries important historical and sociological implications.