Further reading


  • Daryaee, Touraj. 2013. Sasanian Persia: The rise and fall of an empire. London: I. B. Tauris.
  • Daryaee, Touraj (ed.). 2012. The Oxford handbook of Iranian history. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Shayegan, M. Rahim. 2011. Arsacids and Sasanians: Political ideology in post-hellenistic and late antique Persia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Daryaee, Touraj. 2008. Sasanian Iran: Portrait of a late antique empire. Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers.


  • Skjærvø, Prods O. 2011. The spirit of Zoroastrianism. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Malandra, William W. 1983. An introduction to ancient Iranian religion: Readings from the Avesta and Achaemenid inscriptions. (Minnesota Publications in the Humanities 2). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.