Tag Archives: Antiquity

With Alexander in India and Central Asia

Antonetti, Claudia, & Paolo Biagi (ed.). 2017. With Alexander in India and Central Asia: moving east and back to west. Oxbow Books.

Alexander conquered most parts of the Western World, but there is a great deal of controversy over his invasion of India, the least known of his campaigns. In BC 327 Alexander came to India, and tried to cross the Jhelum river for the invasion, but was then confronted by King Porus who ruled an area in what is now the Punjab. According to Indian history he was stopped by Porus at his entry into the country, but most of the world still believes that Alexander won the battle. Fearing the prospect of facing other large armies and exhausted by years of campaigning, Alexander’s army mutinied at the Hyphasis River, refusing to march farther east. This river thus marks the easternmost extent of Alexander’s conquests.
Twelve papers in this volume examine aspects of Alexander’s Indian campaign, the relationship between him and his generals, the potential to use Indian sources, and evidence for the influence of policies of Alexander in neighbouring areas such as Iran and Russia.

Table of contents:

  • SILVIA BARBANTANI: Alexander’s Presence (and Absence) in Hellenistic Poetry
  • TIMOTHY HOWE: Plutarch, Arrian and the Hydaspes: An Historiographical Approach
  • FEDERICOMARI AMUCCIOLI: Classical sources and proskynesis. History of a Misunderstanding
  • MAREK JAN OLBRYCHT: Alexander the Great at Susa (324 B.C.)
  • GIUSEPPE SQUILLACE: Darius versus Darius: Portrayal of the Enemy in Alexander’s Propaganda
  • EDWARD M. ANSON: Fortress Egypt: The Abortive Invasions of 320 and 306 BC
  • VÍCTOR ALONSO TRONCOSO: Antigonus Monophthalmus and Alexander’s Memory
  • SABINE MÜLLER: Visualizing Political Friendship, Family Ties, and Links to the Argead Past in the Time of the Successors
  • DANIEL OGDEN: Seleucus, his Signet Ring and his Diadem
  • MANUELA MARI: A «Lawless Piety» in an Age of Transition. Demetrius the Besieger and the Political Uses of Greek Religion
  • FRANCES POWNALL: Alexander’s Political Legacy in the West: Duris on Agathocles
  • LUISA PRANDI: Philodemus of Gadara on Callisthenes and Alexander (New Light from PHerc 1675 and 1050)
  • JOSEPH ROISMAN: CONCLUSIONS

 

Persianism in Antiquity

Strootman, Rolf & Miguel John Versluys (eds.). 2017. Persianism in antiquity (Oriens et Occidens 25). Franz Steiner Verlag.

The socio-political and cultural memory of the Achaemenid (Persian) Empire played a very important role in Antiquity and later ages. This book is the first to systematically chart these multiform ideas and associations over time and to define them in relation to one another, as Persianism. Hellenistic kings, Parthian monarchs, Romans and Sasanians: they all made a lot of meaning through the evolving concept of “Persia”, as the twenty-one papers in this rich volume illustrate at length.
Persianism underlies the notion of an East-West dichotomy that still pervades modern political rhetoric. In Antiquity and beyond, however, it also functioned in rather different ways, sometimes even as an alternative to Hellenism.

For the contributions, see the Table of Contents.

Source: Persianism in antiquity | Franz Steiner Verlag

Persianisms: The Achaemenid Court in Greek Art

Llewellyn-Jones, Lloyd. 2017. Persianisms: The Achaemenid court in Greek art,380–330 BCE. Iranian Studies 50(1). 1–22.

The Persians held sway over the Greek imagination for more than 200 years. The image of Persia shifted in that time from xenophobic hostility, caused through fear of the encroaching presence of the Persian empire, through to curious acceptance of its dominance. Much study has been given to the formative decades of the construction of the Persian “Other” in Greek art, but the fourth-century image of Persia has remained relatively unexplored. This paper demonstrates how Greek artists of the period 380–330 BCE fixated on the life and accomplishments of the court of the Achaemenid Great Kings and argues that instead of offering an orientalist clichéd view of Persian life, it attempted to understand and disseminate bone fide Iranian images of court society.